First of all, we study about the introduction of personality, the nature, historical approaches, philosophical and methodological that relate to personality theories. Then we view the characteristic of human nature based on Islamic perspective and also western theories. We have given a task in the class :
Discuss with your friend the characteristic of human nature in western and Islam then present the comparison between them.
Human nature refers to the distinguishing characteristics, including ways of thinking, feeling and acting, that humans tend to have naturally.The questions of what these characteristics are, what causes them and how this causation works, and how fixed human nature is, are amongst the oldest and most important questions in western philosophy. These questions have particularly important implications in ethics, politics and theology. This is partly because human nature can be regarded as both a source of norms of conduct or ways of life, as well as presenting obstacles or constraints on living a good life.
According to Islam, the human being is born in the state of fitrah, the original inherent nature of the human being. At birth, the baby is totally innocent and is not responsible for the sin of his parents or any of his ancestors. Environmental and other external influences keep on modifying his blueprint. The Holy Prophet (PBUH) said:
“Every child is created in the state of fitrah, it is the parents, culture, and society that make him a Christian, a Jew, or a fire-worshipper.”
Humans are the greatest of all creatures, created with free will for the purpose of obeying and serving God.
Comparison human nature between Islam and western perspective
- human as khalifah
- all mankind have 3 nafs (ammarah,mutmainnah,lawwamah)
- freedom of choice
- human nature have 'aql which is can compared with animal and other creators
- oneness of God
- recourses of Al-Quran and Sunnah
- human have power of id, ego and superego
- depend on soul : reason, appetite,spirit
- believe on many Gods
- refer to all logical reasoning and rational thinking